Tuesday, November 03, 2009

Faith Is About Confidence and Facts Make the Difference

Long before I started writing at this blog back in 2004, I attended several years of educational sessions in the Defending the Faith series at Biola University in LaMirada, CA. I drove one and a half hours (sometimes it took two hours because of traffic) to attend the six weekly sessions at the university which were offered on Thursday evenings. Although it was sometimes difficult to get to the classes, each time I was there was well worth the money and effort to do so. After attending the classes in person for two sessions, I found out that I could complete the work for a MA Christian Apologetics certificate by listening to the sessions on DVD and taking a test online which sufficed as proof that I had learned the material.

During the in-person sessions, I had the distinct opportunity to meet Greg Koukl. His Stand to Reason ministry inspired me to, as Paul puts it, "contend for the faith" and not shy away when atheists/skeptics/agnostics and believers of other religions challenged my faith in Jesus Christ.

Greg just sent out his November, 2009 newsletter called "Solid Ground." It is an excellent commentary geared towards explaining that faith in Jesus Christ is not "blind faith," but rather a faith grounded in evidence, knowledge, truth, facts and confidence.

Enjoy the essay!

In Christ,
Christine

*******

Solid Ground
A Foundation for Building Ambassadors
November/December 2009

If you “just take Christianity on
faith” you may be in trouble.


I don’t like the word “faith.”

It’s not that faith isn’t valuable. True biblical faith is essential for salvation. But faith is often deeply misunderstood in a way that hurts Christianity and harms Christians.

Some think that having a level of certainty about the truth of Christianity makes “belief ” unnecessary or irrelevant. They think that kind of knowledge undermines genuine faith and offends God.

The reasoning goes something like this. We all know God wants us to have faith. In fact, without faith, it’s impossible to please Him (Hebrews 11:6). However, gathering evidence for God and Christianity leaves little room for faith. After all, how can one have faith in something he knows is true? Faith, then, is opposed to knowledge. Therefore, apologetics undermines the faith project and thus displeases the Lord.

On this view, faith is believing the unbelievable, clinging to your convictions when all the evidence is against you. Faith is a “leap,” a blind, desperate lunge in the darkness. When doubts or troubles beset us we’re told to “just have faith,” as if we could squeeze out spiritual hope by intense acts of sheer will.

This view of faith reduces Christian conviction to religious wishful thinking. We can hope, but we can never know.

But this will never work. Someone once said, “The heart cannot believe that which the mind rejects.” If you are not confident the message of Scripture is actually true, you can’t believe it even if you tried.

The “I just take Christianity on (blind) faith” attitude can’t be the right approach. It leaves the Bible without defense, yet Peter directs us to make a defense for the hope that is in us.1

Also, the biblical word for faith, pistis, doesn’t mean wishing. It means active trust. And trust cannot be conjured up or manufactured. It must be earned. You can’t exercise the kind of faith the Bible has in mind unless you’re reasonably sure that some particular things are true.

In fact, I suggest you completely ban the phrase “leap of faith” from your vocabulary. Biblical faith is based on knowledge, not wishing or blind leaps. Knowledge builds confidence and confidence leads to trust. The kind of faith God is interested in is not wishing. It’s trust based on knowing, a sure confidence grounded in evidence.

The following biblical examples make my point.

Blood, Boils, Frogs and Flies

Israel’s exodus from Egypt was depicted in a clever animated film called “The Prince of Egypt.” After seeing the movie, my wife and I spent time reading the original account in the Hebrew Scriptures.

Though I’d read this passage a number of times, something jumped out at me then that I hadn’t seen before, a phrase God kept repeating over and over in the account.

The material relevant to my point starts in Exodus 3. Reading the encounter with God at the burning bush, we realize Moses is reluctant to be God’s deliverer. And it’s understandable.

Why would Pharaoh, the most powerful leader in the world, submit to a renegade Jew? Why would two million Hebrew slaves follow a murderer and a defector?

“What if they won’t believe me, or listen to me?” Moses demurred. “What if they say, ‘The Lord hasn’t appeared to you’?”

What God didn’t say in response is as important as what He did say. He didn’t say, “Tell Pharaoh he’s just going to have to take this on blind faith. Tell the Hebrews the same thing. They’ve got to have faith.” Instead God asked, “What’s that in your hand?”

“A staff,” Moses answered.

“Throw it on the ground.”

So he threw it down, and it became a serpent.

“Stretch out your hand,” the Lord said. “Grab it by the tail.”

Reluctantly, Moses did as he was told. When he grabbed the snake, it became a staff again.

“Do this,” God said, “and then they’ll believe that the Lord, the God of their fathers, has appeared to you.”

More signs followed that got the people’s attention: the river of blood; frogs covering the land; the gnats, flies, and locusts; the boils and pestilence; the hail; the darkness; and finally the angel of death. All for one purpose: “That they might know there is a God in Israel.” Not simply “believe,” “hope,” or “wish.”

Know. This is no idle comment, but a message that is central to the account. In fact, the phrase is repeated no less than ten times throughout the account.2

What was the result? “And when Israel saw the great power which the Lord had used against the Egyptians, the people feared the Lord, and they believed in the Lord and in His servant Moses” (Exodus 14:31).

Note the pattern: a powerful evidence (miracles, in this case), giving the people knowledge of God, in Whom they then placed their active trust (faith). Knowledge – some level of certainty – went before belief in each of these cases.

God didn’t ask the Hebrews, or even Moses for mindless faith, blind leaps, or wishful thinking. He demonstrated His power, giving them good reason to believe, resulting in obedience. First, the Hebrews were given good reason to know. This then grounded their investment of faith (active trust) in God. Pharaoh got the picture, too, but his response was not humble surrender leading to salvation. Instead, it was submission under compulsion. In both cases, though, each was compelled to act based on the unmistakable evidence of God’s power.

In the animated feature, “The Prince of Egypt,” Miriam breaks into a song of
praise following Israel’s deliverance. The song is entitled “When You Believe,” and includes these words: “There can be miracles, when you believe…. Who knows what miracles you can achieve, when you believe…Just believe…Gotta believe….”

Is that the way it happened, that the people achieved miracles because of their belief? No, reality was just the opposite. In the original account, miracles didn’t follow belief; they preceded it. Acts of power led to knowledge, which then allowed faith to flourish.

Taking the Easy Way Out?

Fast forward to the New Testament and you’ll find the same pattern in the life of Christ. In Mark 2, we encounter Jesus speaking to a group gathered in a home in Capernaum. A crowd blocks the front door, keeping a paralytic – being carried by his four friends – from gaining an audience with the Healer. The only way in is from above, so they dig through the earthen roof and lower the deformed man down on a pallet.

Jesus is impressed. Seeing their faith He says to the paralytic, “My son, your sins are forgiven.”

His words offend the scribes, though, who grumble among themselves at such an audacious claim. “Who can forgive sins but God alone?” they whisper. Jesus, aware of their complaint, puts a question to them. “Which is easier to say to the paralytic, ‘Your sins are forgiven,’ or, ‘Arise, take up your pallet and walk’?”

How would you respond? If you were in Jesus’ position, would it be easier for you to claim to forgive sins or to claim to heal paralysis? Clearly, it’s always easier to boast about something no one can check up on than it is to claim to have supernatural powers and run the risk you’ll fail the test.

Jesus knew it looked like He was taking the easy way out, until His next remark: “But in order that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins”—He then turned to the paralytic – “I say to you, rise, take up your pallet and go home.” Then, in the sight of everyone, the paralytic got up and got out.

Jesus gives us the same lesson we find in Exodus. He proves something that can’t be seen – the forgiveness of sins – with evidence that can be seen – a dramatic supernatural healing. Jesus heals “in order that you may know.” Once they can then trust in the forgiveness Christ could give.

Once again, there is no conflict between knowledge and faith. Rather, the first is the basis for the second.

The Apostle Peter

The book of Acts and Peter’s dramatic sermon on Pentecost gives us another vivid example of the evidence/knowledge/faith equation. The crowd is both amazed and bewildered at the manifestations of the Spirit they see with their own eyes. Peter takes his stand before the throng and explains that it isn’t intoxication they witness, but prophecy being fulfilled in their midst by the hand of God.

He recounts that Jesus – one attested to by miracles, signs, and wonders – had been murdered at the hands of godless men. Death couldn’t hold Him in the grave, though. He had risen. Not only did King David himself foretell such a thing; Peter and the rest of the disciples had witnessed the risen Christ themselves. The Holy Spirit, the gift promised by the Father, was now being poured out in a way that Peter’s entire audience could “see and hear.”

He then closes with a statement tailor-made for all those who think that certainty somehow diminishes genuine faith: “Therefore let all the house of Israel know for certain that God has made Him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom you crucified.”3

When the crowd beholds the evidence – the miracles, the fulfilled prophecy, the witnesses of the resurrection, the powerful manifestations of the Spirit in their midst – the people are pierced to the heart. They are convinced of their error, they know the truth, and thousands believe, putting their trust in the Savior.

Hear, See, Handle, Believe

John, the Beloved Disciple, brings it all together for us in 1 John. He opens his letter with the evidence of his own eyewitness encounter with Christ.


Notice how many senses he appeals to: What was from the beginning, what we have heard, what we have seen with our eyes, what we beheld and our hands handled concerning the Word of Life – and the life was manifested, and we have seen and bear witness and proclaim to you the eternal life, which was with the Father and was manifested to us – what we have seen and heard we proclaim to you also…

Then he closes his letter like this:

And the witness is this, that God has given us eternal life, and this life is in His Son. He who has the Son has the life; he who does not have the Son of God does not have the life. These things I have written to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, in order that you may know that you have eternal life.4

To John, faith wasn’t a blind leap. It wasn’t wishing on a star. It was grounded in evidence that led to knowledge. And when the evidence is so overwhelming – as it was for the earliest follows of Jesus (and many since then) – the knowledge is certain.

The record is clear from the Old Testament, to the Gospels, from the very beginnings of the early church, to the epistles of the apostles: Biblical faith isn’t wishing, it’s confidence. It’s not denying reality, but discovering reality. It’s a sense of certainty grounded in evidence that Christianity is true – not just “true for me,” but actually, fully, and completely true.

Spiritual growth involves increasing our knowledge and our certainty of God. So there are two things here: first knowledge, and second confidence in what we know.

How do we increase confidence? Wish harder? Hope against hope? Stop our ears to the sounds of the critics without, and ignore the doubts of the agnostic within? This will never work, because confidence cannot be fabricated. It must be earned. As you gather substantiating evidence, your confidence grows automatically and your faith is deepened.

Faith is not about wishing, but about confidence, and the facts make the difference. You get a hold of the facts, you study, you learn – even a little – and you’ll realize you’re not just wishing on a star about eternal things. You’ll realize Christianity is really true.

And that changes everything.

Your Partner for the Truth,

Greg Koukl
President, Stand to Reason


1 I Peter 3:15, the New American Standard Version (and throughout).
2 Cf., Exodus 6:7, 7:5, 7:17, 8:10, 8:22, 9:14, 9:29, 10:2, 14:4, and 14:8
3 Acts 2:36.
4 I John 5:11-13.



Quick Summary:

• The concept of faith is often deeply
misunderstood in a way that hurts
Christianity and harms Christians.

• People think that faith is opposed to
knowledge because you can’t have
faith in something you know is true.

• Following this line of thinking,
apologetics undermines faith and
thus displeases the Lord.

• On this view, faith becomes believing
the unbelievable – a “blind leap,”
despite any doubts we may have.
Christian faith turns out to be nothing
more than religious wishful thinking.

• However, this concept of faith cannot
be correct. The biblical word for faith
means active trust. Peter directs us
to “make a defense for the hope that
is within us.”

• In the Old Testament, we consistently
see faith following the evidence of
miracles. For example, God used
a series of miracles (powerful
evidence) to convince Pharaoh to
let the children of Israel go and
they put their trust in God based on
knowledge.

• Miracles didn’t follow belief; they
preceded it. Acts of power led to
knowledge, which then allowed faith
to flourish.

• We see the same pattern in the New
Testament when Jesus healed the
paralytic and forgave his sins, and
when Peter preached at Pentecost
after the Holy Spirit was manifested in
tongues of fire visible to all.

• Biblical faith is a sense of certainty
grounded in evidence that Christianity
is true – not just “true for me,” but
actually, fully, and completely true.

• Faith is not about wishing, but about
confidence, and the facts make the
difference.

Hat tip:

Stand to Reason.org

2 comments:

4simpsons said...

Hi Christine,

Stand to Reason is an amazing ministry. It is my all-time favorite -- great apologetics and thinking. I'm so glad you met Greg and took that degree program!

His message on faith is crucial. It is another one of those issues that is so misunderstood by so many Christians. Either out of laziness or ignorance they don't work to defend the faith. They just redefine it to an un-biblical concept and open us to unnecessary mockery by non-believers (I know they'll criticize us no matter what; I just don't want to give them reasons based on false doctrine).

Christinewjc said...

Great comment and you are correct Neil - liberal Christianity "redefine(s) it to an un-biblical concept." And those who are too lazy or ignorant to search the Scriptures on their own will follow into spiritual error and oblivion...similarly to how the children ignorantly followed the Pied Piper - right into the water where they drowned!

Recently, I had a commenter tell me that my "once nice Christian blog" has turned into a political disaster. He/she is entitled to his/her opinion. However, Christians are not supposed to just sit around and let a rogue government impose tyranny upon our nation and trample our Constitution. I don't think that God would approve of laziness or ignorance when it comes to defeating tyranny and standing up for our Constitutional Republic!

I understand that there are Christians who will disagree with my efforts here. They don't want to step on any toes. So be it. But that's NOT me!

Thanks for your input - really appreciate it whenever you come along here and comment!